Diabetes mellitus is independently associated with lower levels of health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
Quality of life (QoL) has been defined by World Health Organization as: “Quality of life is defined as individuals’ perceptions of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns.”
Quality of life is an important aspect in diabetes because poor QoL leads to diminished self-care, which in turn leads to worsened glycemic control, increased risks for complications, and exacerbation of diabetes overwhelming in both the short run and the long run. Thus, it is apparent that the QoL issues are imperative and predict how well an individual would be able to handle the disease and maintain long-term health and well-being. It is also important for the assessment of patients’ perceived burden of their chronic disease condition, to see the trends of health overtime, and quantify the effect of treatment.
Several studies have demonstrated that diabetes has a strong negative impact on HRQoL, especially in the presence of complications. In developing countries, the morbidity associated with diabetes and its complications is certainly higher as compared with developed countries, which adversely affects
the HRQoL of these patients.
Insulin treatment has been associated with reduced satisfaction with diabetes and greater impact of the disease on social and personal lives.
• To assess the HRQoL among diabetics aged 18 years and above visiting the Medicine Outpatient Department at RajaRajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru.
• To compare the QoL among diabetics with and without complications, and between diabetics who are dependent on insulin and those who are dependent on oral hypoglycemic agents.
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